The fourth grade unit on “Energy” started with a BANG as we traveled back in time with hands-on learning. We had first-hand experience with our year-long big ideas of conflict and cooperation in the daily lives of the colonists. We also learned about the energy required for basic, everyday existence in an era when everything required had to be hand-made or found in natural surroundings. Our fourth graders really looked the part, as many came dressed to impress in their creative colonial costumes! Students had a great time participating in a variety of colonial activities. Colonial Store & Dress Up had authentic period reproductions for sale. Also, dress up involved trying on reproductions of 18th Century clothing and the opportunity to get their picture taken while dressed up. Students also made an authentic style necklace using glass beads and hair pipe beads made from buffalo horn and buffalo bones. We had fun playing period games such as Cup & Ball, Bilbo, Graces, Nine Pins, Pickup Sticks, Hoop Racing, and Tug-of-War. Students also heard the story of James Smith who was captured and adopted by Indians. They were also able to try on Indian war paint. Students participated in knot tying and learned some basic knots such as the square knot, the granny knot, the bowline knot, and others. The Tomahawk Throw was a fun way to learn to throw an Indian style tomahawk at a wooden target. Finally, students used a turkey feather quill & bottled ink to learn to write like Thomas Jefferson in Quill & Ink Writing. We also made colonial Christmas gifts and had a party in the colonial spirit.